Fair schooling

Ben Wilbrink


For literature in Dutch see another file eerlijk_onderwijs.htm


Relevant literature on genetics and educaton will be brought together in heritability.htm


An article on fair schooling, in Dutch, has appeared in the september 2018 special issue on equal opportunity of the educational journal Van Twaalf tot Achttien [not online], as well as on the Journal's website here .


Fair schooling is a very broad theme. My contributions (blogs) will be somewhat limited according to my own rather unique profile of expertise covering education research, differential and cognitive psychology, history of education, especially the links between these fields. Limited, yes, but I hope the strong point will be exploration of the many connections between these disparate fields. Be prepared for lots of surprises (I hope). Take-off blog here.

Subjects: talent and intelligence nature/nurture; fair instructional theory; fair schooling; fair equal opportunity; (+ historical lines)


Early kick off on Twitter: Twitter thread, also available as Twitter Moment here.

Hypothesis 1 robust instructional methods are possible / do exist / have been used - and researched. E.g., Hin-Tai’s instruction? Think so.

Hypothesis 2 Differences in talents/intelligence, having been acquired (mainly nurture), need not impact the effectiveness of robust instruction.


Hypothesis 3 Differences in talents/intelligence are mainly environmentally acquired, notwithstanding claims of psychologists (e.g., Jensen) and geneticists (e.g. Plomin).

Hypothesis 4 The main function of schooling is the teaching of biologically secondary (Geary) knowledge. (Other functions are derived).

Hypothesis 5 Schooling also impacts on growth in intelligence (witness the Flynn effect; summer lapse with low SES pupils; WOII Dutch kids).

Hypothesis 6 Instruction need not, & therefore should not, be contingent on differences in IQ. Mastery of curricular content is what counts.

Hypothesis 7 It is possible for robust instruction to result in appr. the same high levels of mastery for ALL pupils.

Hypothesis 8 Unequal pupil backgrounds/personalities will ultimately result in achievement differences (e.g. summer losses not compensated).

Hypothesis 9 Robust education will beat conventional and progressivist education in terms of, at least, cognitive achievements for all pupils.

Hypothesis 10 The idea of talent or intelligence being inborn is inherited from the 19th century

Hypothesis 11 More often than not, equal opportunity is considered conditional on talent or intelligence, both taken as inborn characteristics.

Hypothesis 12 Because of what is stated in Hypothesis 11, equal opportunity protagonists typically organize education in ways that tend to preserve class differences. Kind of a contradiction in terms.


fair, the concept




Ingrid Robeyns (2016). The capability approach. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy webpage


#key #fair #justice



Robeyns, I. (2006) Three models of education: Rights, Capabilities and Human Capital. Theory and Research in Education, 4 (1), 69-84. abstract doi.org/10.1177/1477878506060683 & final version


#key #fair #justice



Martha C. Nussbaum (2011). Creating capabilities. The human development approach. Belknap Press/Harvard University Press. isbn 9780674050549 info


Education is not a special topic, it has not been mentioned in the index. The 'ten central capabilities' are capabilities of adults only.

Why ‘fair’, not ‘equal’? In the real world there are no equalities. People and their circumstances are unequal; a just society treats people fairly according to their differences / different circumstances.

The idea behind my push for usage of fair chances in education, instead of equal chances: (1) ‘equal’ gives a false impression of simplicity, (2) ‘fair’ forces one to explicate what might be fair in particular circumstances for particular pupils.




François Dubet &Marie Duru-Bellat (2007). What Makes for Fair Schooling? In Richard Teese, Stephen Lamb & Marie Duru-Bellat, (Eds.) International Studies in Educational Inequality, Theory and Policy, 941-957 Springer preview & references paywalled [no access; not in UB Leiden; not in KB]




Hin-Tai (July 29, 2017). Is this the best we can do? Part 7: the spacing effect blog


Must read.



Emma Smith & Stephen Gorard (2006). Pupils' views on equity in schools. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 36 abstract paywalled


Interesting materials. It is the only publication on the subject I know of. The comparative aspect: pupils in UK, as well as in Italy, Spain, Frnce and Belgium.


~~

literature, annotations



Jacky Lumby & Marianne Coleman (2016). Leading for Equality. Making Schools Fairer. Sage.[eBook in KB] info & preview




Madeline Crosswaite and Kathryn Asbury (2018). Teacher beliefs about the aetiology of individual differences in cognitive ability, and the relevance of behavioural genetics to education. British Journal of Educational Psychology abstract and pdf




Amartya Sen (2003). Development as capability expansion. In Fukuda-Parr S, et al: Readings in Human Development. pdf




Michael Young (1958). The rise of the meritocracy 1870 - 2033. An essay on education and equality. Thames and Hudson.



Heather Boushey, J. Bradford Delong & Marshall Steinbaum (Eds.). After Piketty. The agenda for economics and inequality. Harvard UP. isbn 9780674504776 info & blog




Branco Malovic (2017). Wereldwijde ongelijkheid. Welvaart in de 21e eeuw. Spectrum. 9789000355389 [Global inequality, 2016] info & related links




Ida Gran Andersen & Simon Calmar Andersen (2015). Student-centered instruction and academic achievement: linking mechanisms of educational inequality to schools' instructional strategy British Journal of Sociology of Education abstract and sci-hub




D. S. Wilson, R. A Kauffman Jr & M. S. Purdy (2011) A program for at-risk high school students informed by evolutionary science. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027826. PLoS One free


The Regents Academy, New York.



Amartya Sen (2009). The idea of justice. Allen Lane. isbn 9781846141478 info




Amartya Sen (1999). Development as freedom. Knopf. isbn 0375406190 info




Amartya Sen (Ed.) (1982/1997). Choice, welfare and measurement. Harvard University Press. isbn 0674127781 info




John Rawls (1971). A theory of justice. Clarendon Press. isbn 0198243685 info




Samuel Freeman (Ed.) (1999). John Rawls. Collected papers. Harvard University Press. info




John Rawls (2001) Justice as fairness. A restatement. Belknap Harvard. info




James Coleman (1990). Equality and achievement in education. London: Westview Press. [Reader of Coleman articles and chapters] info review




Barry Garelick (December 5, 2016). How attempts to force equity in math classes can protect kids from learning. blog




David Sloan Wilson (Oct 19, 2016). The Tragedy of the Commons: How Elinor Ostrom Solved One of Life’s Greatest Dilemmas. The design principles for solving the tragedy of the commons can be applied to all groups. blog




Xiang Zhou & Geoffrey T. Wodtke (2018). Income Stratification among Occupational Classes in the United States. Social Forces. doi:10.1093/sf/soy074 url to share this paper: sci-hub.tw/10.1093/sf/soy074 [via Herman van de Werfhorst]



Carina Mood (2017). More than Money: Social Class, Income, and the Intergenerational Persistence of Advantage. Sociological Science, 4, 263-287.. pdf


"I show that parental class matters at a given income and income matters within a given social class, and the net associations are substantial"



Gap in key subject achievement between 15-yr-olds in England one of the "most unequal among developed countries" tweet




Michelle Jackson (Ed.) (2013). Determined to Succeed?: Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment. info [niet in UB Leiden, niet in KB] Niet gezien.




Thijs Bol, Jacqueline Witschge, Herman G. Van de Werfhorst, Jaap Dronkers (2014). Curricular Tracking and Central Examinations: Counterbalancing the Impact of Social Background on Student Achievement in 36 Countries. Social Forces 92(4) 1545-1572, June 2014 Advance Access publication on 1 March 2014 pdf




Correlation, Consumption, Confusion, or Constraints: Why Do Poor Children Perform So Poorly? by Elizabeth M. Caucutt, Lance Lochner and Youngmin Park. Working Paper # 2015-3. Published: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics. Special issue on social mobility. Early view July 2016. pdf




K. Anders Ericsson, Ralf Th. Krampe, and Clemens Tesch-Romer (1993). The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance. Psychological Review, 100, 363-406. pdf




James R. Flynn (2007/2009). What Is Intelligence? Beyond the Flynn Effect. Cambridge University Press. isbn 9780521741477 abstract




James Flynn (2016). Does your Family Make You Smarter? Nature, Nurture, and Human Autonomy. info.


Belangrijke plaats ingeruimd (zie p. 151-2) voor de intelligentie-theorie van Han van der Maas c.s. 2006. Peter Wilby (27 September 2016) interviews James Flynn blog



Kathryn Asbury & Robert Plomin (2014). G is for Genes: The impact of genetics on education and achievement. Wiley. isbn 9781118482780 info


The authors draw wrong conclusions from heritability coefficients, in my opinion. I will have to analyse the book yet. The authors' opinion is that schooling should reckon with individual differences in intelligence. That is the opposite of what is necessary for schooling to be fair.



Michael Argyle (1994). The psychology of social class. Routledge. 0415079551 info




Francis Galton (1869/1892/1979). Hereditary genius. An inquiry into its laws and consequences. London: Julian Friedman Publishers. isbn 0904014460 2000 digital free access




Richard E. Nisbett (2009). Intelligence and how to get it: Why schools and cultures count. New York, NY: Norton. [UBL PSYCHO C6.-148 ] info


In Ch 7: Perry Preschool & Abecedarian. !!!



W. Howison (1826). The contest of the twelve nations; or, a view of the different bases of human character and talent. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. The book is anonymous., but the author is known to be William Howison. online




Leila Zenderland (1998). Measuring minds. Henry Herbert Goddard and the origins of American intelligence testing. Cambridge University Press. isbn 0521003636




Shelleyann Scott, Charles F. Webber, Judy L. Lupart, Nola Aitken & Donald E. Scott (2013). Fair and equitable assessment practices for all students, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice. online first 2013 abstract




Fabian Dietrich, Martin Heinrich & Nina Thieme (Eds.) (2013). Bildungsgerechtigkeit jenseits von Chancengleichheit. Theoretische und empirische Ergänzungen und Alternativen zu 'PISA'. Springer info




Dylan Molenaar & Denny Borsboom (2013) The formalization of fairness: issues in testing for measurement invariance using subtest scores, Educational Research and Evaluation, 19, 223-244. abstract




Robert J. Mislevy, Geneva Haertel, Britte H. Cheng, Liliana Ructtinger, Angela DeBarger, Elizabeth Murray, David Rose, Jenna Gravel, Alexis M. Colker, Daisy Rutstein & Terry Vendlinski (2013). A “conditional” sense of fairness in assessment. Educational Research and Evaluation, 19 121-140. abstract




Alice Bradbury (2013). Understanding Early Years Inequality. Policy, assessment and young children’s identities. Routledge. site Een beperkt aantal bladzijden is daar vrij in te zien. Waarschijnlijk komt het boek als eBook beschikbaar in de KB




Stephen J. Ceci & Paul B. Papierno (2005). The Rhetoric and Reality of Gap Closing. When the 'Have-Nots' Gain but the 'Haves' Gain Even More. American Psychologist, 60, 149-160. pdf




Jeannie Oakes (2005). Keeping track. How schools structure inequality. Yale University Press, second edition 2005 (new preface, extra chapters discussing the 'tracking wars' of the last 20 years) (


#differentiation #equality Read the book critically. E.g., Oakes uncritically praises the research by Jo Boaler in England and California.



William H. Schmidt, Nathan A. Burroughs, Pablo Zoido & Richard T. Houang (2015). The Role of Schooling in Perpetuating Educational Inequality: An International Perspective. Educational Researcher. Open access abstract


Uses PISA: on experienced curriculum at individual level. Quite special. Might show constructivist methods to harm (low SES) groups of students. I have to study this one carefully.



Rebecca Tarlau (2016) If the past devours the future, why study? Piketty, social movements, and future directions for education, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37:6, 861-872, DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2016.1165084 download here




Kathryn Moeller & Rebecca Tarlau (2016) Thomas Piketty's relevance for the study of education: reflections on the political economy of education, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37:6, 805-809, DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2016.1200821 download here




Geraldine J. Clifford (1968/1984 pb). Edward L. Thorndike: The sane positivist. Wesleyan University Press. isbn 0819560928 [out of print] Amazon


The interesting chapter is XIV Individualism, heredity, and determinism (311-333).

About 1900, fierce discussions on nature-nurture questions. Big influencer here: Edward Thorndike en his ideas on the dominance of genetics in differences of intelligence. Intelligence is inborn, that is what psychology and what the public at large will take away from psychology at the turn of the century. Clifford is quite informative, see her pp. 322 ff. With Thorndike, as with other contemporaneous authors, his writing is a game with words. First supposing nurture to be equal, all differences must be due to genetic differences in innate abilities. That is logic, not empirical science. Nevertheles, the ideology here gets clad in the clothes of science, and is still highly influential in the psychological literature as well as in behavior genetics (e.g. Plomin and others). Today’s insight is, ‘yes, there are genetic differences, they get swamped by environmental circumstances, however’ (Nisbett; Ericsson; Flynn & Dickens). Another way to express the same thing: in environmental dynamics small genetic differences might be multiplied/enlarged. The enlargements, however, are environmental, not genetic. See Flynn 2016 on the complexities of that dynamics.

Crucial developments in American psychology about 1900 result in a lock-in of certain ideas on intelligence as a trait, the heritability of differences in that trait, and the stability of those differences (Thorndike, Pearson, Goddard). What is a lock-in? That is, e.g., the particular layout of the QUERTY keyboard. Those century old ideas get reflected in the six bullets of Hernstein & Murray (1994, p.



David C. Geary (1995). Reflections of evolution and culture in children's cognition. Implications for mathematical development and instruction. American Psychologist, 50, 24-36. pdf [Biologically primary and biologically secondary abilities]




André Tricot & John Sweller (2014). Domain-specific knowledge and why teaching generic skills does not work. Educational Psychology Review preview & concept




David Geary (2007). Educating the evolved mind: Conceptual foundations for an evolutionary educational psychology, Ch 1 in Educating the evolved mind: Conceptual foundations for an evolutionary educational psychology, JS Carlson & JR Levin (Eds). Information Age Publishing. [info] Chapter 1 pdf




David C. Geary (2005). The origin of mind. Evolution of brain, cognition, and general intelligence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.



John Sweller (). Story of a research program. Education Review webpage




Stephen J. Ceci (1991). How much does schooling influence general intelligence and its cognitive components? A reassessment of the evidence Developmental Psychology abstract [paywalled; do not have a copy yet]




Christian N. Brinch & Taryn Ann Galloway (2011). Schooling in adolescence raises IQ scores PNAS pdf




David P. Baker, Daniel Salinas & Paul J. Eslinger (2012). An envisioned bridge: Schooling as a neurocognitive developmental institution. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 2, Supplement 1, 15 February 2012, Pages S6-S17 open access




Camilla Persson Benbow & David Lubinsky (Eds.) (). Intellectual talent. Psychometric and social issues. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pdf book




R. I. Watson (1968/1977). The individual, social, educational, economic and political conditions for the original practices of detection and utilization of individual aptitude differences. Colloques: Textes XIIe Congrès International d’Histoire des Sciences. Paris: Michel, 1968, pp. 355-368. Reprinted in Jozef Brozek & Rand B. Evans (1977). R. I. Watson’s selected papers on the history of psychology (309-324). University of New Hampshire / University Press of New England. 0874511305


‘Individual differences’, as a concept, probably used in psychology in 1885 for the first time. By J. McKeen Cattell, source: R. I. Watson 1968 p. 319, in his ‘The inertia of eye and brain’. Yet, if I remember my Boring well, the idea of individual differences was brought home to psychologists by the problems of the Astronomer Royal: he had relatively long reaction times in time measurements using telescopic observations.



Jozef Brozek & Rand B. Evans (1977). R. I. Watson’s selected papers on the history of psychology (309-324). University of New Hampshire / University Press of New England. 0874511305




Deary, IJ 1996, 'Reductionism and intelligence: The case of inspection time' Journal of Biosocial Science, vol 28, no. 4, pp. 405-423. DOI: 10.1017/S0021932000022501pdf




Wendy Berliner & Deborah Eyre (2017). Great minds and how to grow them. Routledge. 9781138284609 info




Benjamin Alcott (July, 2017). Might progress assessments hinder equitable progress? Evidence from England. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability open access


Looks like a lot of sense as well as nonsense, with little guidance as to what is what. Why did I buy this one?



Nicholas Wright Gillham (2001). Sir Francis Galton. From African exploration to the birth of eugenics. Oxford University Press. isbn 0195143655 info


Written by a geneticist. Impressive. See pp 229-30 on Alfred Binet & Galton.



James R. Newman (1956/1988). The world of mathematics. Tempus. isbn 1556151489


tweeted this one



David Figlio and Krzysztof Karbownik (2017). Some schools much better than others at closing achievement gaps between their advantaged and disadvantaged students. Evidence Speaks Reports, Vol 2, #19 July 20, 2017. Economic Studies at Brookings. pdf




Rogier A. Kievit, Ulman Lindenberger, Ian M. Goodyer, Peter B. Jones, Peter Fonagy, Edward T. Bullmore, the Neuroscience in Psychiatry Network, and Raymond J. Dolan (2017). Mutualistic Coupling Between Vocabulary and Reasoning Supports Cognitive Development During Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Psychological Science open access




Linda S. Gottfredson (1997). Mainstream Science on Intelligence: An Editorial With 52 Signatories, History, and Bibliography. INTELLIGENCE U(I) 13-23 pdf




D. C. Geary, A. Nicholas & J. & Sun (2017). Developmental change in the influence of domain-general abilities and domain-specific knowledge on mathematics achievement: An eight-year longitudinal study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109(5), 680-693. paywalled manuscript pdf




Elizabeth Dhuey, David Figlio, Krzysztof Karbownik, Jeffrey Roth (2017). School Starting Age and Cognitive Development. NBER Working Paper No. 23660 Issued in August 2017 download




Marlous Tiekstra (2016). Fostering the Learning Potential of At-risk Students in the Classroom: Studies into the Consequential Validity of Dynamic Assessment. Diss. Groningen University. downloads




Toby Young 25 August 2017 Free schools are working - just look at their GCSE results blog




Ian Deary (2000). Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain. UBL PSYCHO P4.1.2.-80 not yet borrowed




Dylan Wiliam (2005). Measuring 'Intelligence': what can we learn and how can we move forward? Paper presented at the annual meeting of AERA, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. ETS. pdf


Many good points, and some that are controversial (in my opinion, that is ;-) ) (for example, the next to last sentence of the paper;part of the problem here is that intelligence and school achievement are somewhat the same constructs, already with Binet!).



Jeanne S. Chall (2000). The Academic Achievement Challenge. What Really Works in the Classroom? The Guilford Press. 1572307684 info




Han L. J. van der Maas, Conor V. Dolan, Raoul P. P. P. Grasman, Jelte M. Wicherts, Hilde M. Huizenga, and Maartje E. J. Raijmakers (2006). A Dynamical Model of General Intelligence: The Positive Manifold of Intelligence by Mutualism Psychological Review, 113, 842-861. pdf




James Flynn (1999). Searching for Justice: The Discovery of IQ Gains Over Time American Psychologist researchgate




Toby Young (2015). The Fall of the Meritocracy. Quadrant online free




Mieke van Houtte (2017). Gender Differences in Context: The Impact of Track Position on Study Involvement in Flemish Secondary Education Sociology of Education open access




What is RTI? page


Successful in Quebec: here. Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning and behavior needs.



Getting older quicker. By Dave Thomson Educatio Datalab page


Moth of birth and achievement gaps.



The Question of Knowledge practicalities of a knowledge-based curriculum. Parents + Teachers for Excellence. pdf




Hans Luyten, Christine Merrell & Peter Tymms (2017): The contribution of schooling to learning gains of pupils in Years 1 to 6, School Effectiveness and School Improvement To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2017.1297312 pdf




Eton of the East End: Inspirational free school in one of London's most deprived areas sends 21 star pupils to train as doctors, dentists and vets. Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4893462/Free-school-London-sends-pupils-Universities.html#ixzz4w4zGStaH Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook article




Nicholas G. Shakeshaft , Maciej Trzaskowski, Andrew McMillan, Kaili Rimfeld, Eva Krapohl, Claire M. A. Haworth, Philip S. Dale, Robert Plomin (2017). Strong Genetic Influence on a UK Nationwide Test of Educational Achievement at the End of Compulsory Education at Age 16. Published: December 11, 2013 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080341 open access




Richard E. Nisbett, Joshua Aronson, Clancy Blair, William Dickens, James Flynn, Diane F. Halpern, Eric Turkheimer (2012). Intelligence. New Findings and Theoretical Developments. American Psychologist, 67, 130-159 open access




Richard E. Nisbett (2013). Schooling makes you smarter. What teachers need to know about IQ. American Educator Spring, 10-39. pdf


Larry Cuban (2017). Scaling Up: The Story of East Side Prep (Part 2) bog




Rianne Kloosterman, Stijn Ruiter, Paul M. De Graaf, Gerbert Kraaykamp (2009). Parental education, children's performance and the transition to higher secondary education: trends in primary and secondary effects over five Dutch school cohorts (1965–99). First published: 20 May 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-4446.2009.01235.x [I have no access] abstract




Robert M. Hauser (2009). On "Quality and Equity in the Performance of Students and Schools" pdf




Slava Kalyuga & Anne-Marie Singh (2015). Rethinking the Boundaries of Cognitive Load Theory in Complex Learning Educational Psychology Review, 28, 831-852. abstract




Diane Reay (2017). Miseducation. Inequality, education and the working classes. Policy Press. isbn 9781447330653 info - info


Interesting book. Reay falls for progressivist ideology, however. See p. 179 'austerity education': knwoledge based education is bad, skills-based education is good. or something.



Children as young as two grouped by ability in English nurseries The Guardian article




Gregory Clark (2014). The Son Also Rises : Surnames and the History of Social Mobility. Princeton University Press [eBook KB] [ch 7 Nature versus nurture pdf downloaded] How much of our fate is tied to the status of our parents and grandparents? How much does it influence our children? More than we wish to believe. While it has been argued that rigid class structures have eroded in favor of greater social equality, The Son Also Rises proves that movement on the soci.. wiki




David Didau (Dec 5, 2017). THOUGHT DEPENDS ON KNOWLEDGE blog




The Brain Basis of the Phonological Deficit in Dyslexia is Independent of IQ. Hiroko Tanaka and others (2011). Psychol Sci. 2011 Nov; 22(11): 1442–1451. open access




Keith E. Stanovich (2005). The future of a mistake: Will discrepancy measurement continue to make the learning disabilities field a pseudoscience? Learning Disability Quarterly, 28 103-106. pdf




October 02 2017 Program dramatically improves reading of at-risk students at an early age article




Cathy L. Watkins (1997). Project Follow Through: A Case Study of Contingencies Influencing Instructional Practices of the Educational Establishment. . Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies. pdf




Karola Dillenburger (2012). Why reinvent the wheel? A behaviour analyst 's reflections on pedagogy for inclusion for students with intellectual and developmental disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability 37(2):169-80 DOI10.3109/13668250.2012.685705 concept




FFT TERM OF BIRTH RESEARCH A pupil 's term and month of birth can have a significant effect on their attainment, progress and development. It can also have a major impact on your school 's results. Find out more and download an FFT Term of Birth report for your own school. page




William Dickens (2005). Genetic differences and school readiness. February 2005 The Future of Children 15(1):55-69. researchgate (complete issue)




Arthur R. Jensen (1987). The g Beyond Factor Analysis. In Royce R. Ronning, Jane C. Conoley, John A. Glover, and Joseph C. Witt (Eds.) (1987). The influence of cognitive psychology on testing. Buros-Nebraska Symposium on Measurement and Testing. Volume 3. Erlbaum. isbn 0898598982 open access




John Mighton (2003). The myth of ability. Nurturing mathematical talent in every child. Anansi. isbn 0887846939 info




Niall Bolger, Avshalom Caspi, Geraldine Downey & Martha Moorehause (Eds.): Persons in context. Developmental processes. Cambridge University Press. isbn 052135577x [a.o.: Sandra Scarr (1988). How genotypes and environments combine: development and individual differences. (217-244)]




Charles Murray (2008). Real education. Four Simple Truths for Bringing America 's Schools Back to Reality. Three Rivers Press. pdf


Unfair schooling.



Joanne Brown (1992). The definition of a profession. The authority of metaphor in the history of intelligence testing, 1890-1930. Princeton Universty Press. [als eBook in KB] site




Council for Responsible Genetics: GENETIC DETERMINISM web page




Pierre Bourdieu et Jean-Claude Passeron (1970). La reproduction. éléments pour une théorie du système d'enseignement. Les Éditions de Minuit. La reproduction. éléments pur une théorie dy système d'enseignement. Les éditions Minuit. reviewed 1972




Dylan Wiliam (2017). Learning and assessment: a long and winding road? Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice. Volume 24, 2017 - Issue 3: Assessment and Learning open access




Cinq idées que défend Stanislas Dehaene, l'éminence grise de Jean-Michel Blanquer 12/01/2018 France Culture web page




D. Esposito (1973). Homogeneous and heterogeneous ability grouping: Principal findings and implications for evaluating and designing more effective educational environments. Review of Educational Research, 43, 163-180.



Linda Jarvin & Robert J. Sternberg (2003). Alfred Binet's contributions as a paradigm for impact in psychology. Chapter 3 in B. J. Zimmerman & D. H. Schunk (Eds.) (2003). Educational psychology: A century of contributions. Erlbaum.google.books [whole book] Also as chapter 5 in Robert J. Sternberg (Ed.) (2003): The anatomy of impact. What makes the great works of psychology great. American Psychological Association. In the latter book also: Dean Keith Simonton (2003). Francis Galton’s Hereditary genius: its place in the history and psychology of science.




Dirk van Damme (23 januari 2018) tweet Slides of my keynote speech at the European @goal_project Conference, Brussels, 17 January 2018, on educational opportunities throughout the life-course, focusing on skills use and adult learning. slides




OECD Education Working Papers . Academic resilience: What schools and countries do to help disadvantaged students succeed in PISA http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/e22490ac-en read




Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman, Anna L. Ziff (). Gender differences in the benefits of an influential early childhood program. Working Paper 23412 NBER pdf


Perry, Abecedarian etcetera?



Arthur J. Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou, Judy A. Temple (2018). A Multicomponent, Preschool to Third Grade Preventive Intervention and Educational Attainment at 35 Years of Age. JAMA Pediatrics, 2018; DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4673 DOI




Inga Schwabe, Luc Janss and Stéphanie M. van den Berg (2017). Can We Validate the Results of Twin Studies? A Census-Based Study on the Heritability of Educational Achievement. Front. Genet. open access


Draadje Tim van der Zee Twitter




Douglas K.Detterman (2014). Introduction to the intelligence special issue on the development of expertise: is ability necessary? [Special issue on Ericsson's research] Intelligence, 45, July-August 1-5. [whole issue was temporarily open access] abstract




A. H. Halsey (Ed.) (1961). Ability and educational opportunity. OECD.




Dawn Foster (20 Feb 2018). Helping gifted children is all very well - but what about the rest? blog The Guardian




Raymond B. Cattell & H. J. Butcher (1968). The prediction of achievement and creativity. Bobbs-Merrill. lccc 67-18662




Raymond B. Cattell (1971). Abilities: Their structure, growth, and action.. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. isbn 0395042755 archive.org [poor rendering of the text without the figures]




Alfred Binet & Théodore Simon (1916/1973 reprint). The development of intelligence in children. (The Binet-Simon Scale). Translated by Elizabeth S. Kite. Reprint: New York Arno Press. isbn 0405051350 online




Eric Amsel & K. Ann Renninger (Eds.) (1997). Change and development. Issues of theory, method, and application. LEA. 0805818251




A. Pluchino, A. E. Biondo, A. Rapisarda (2018). Talent vs Luck: the role of randomness in success and failure. arXiv:1802.07068v2 [physics.soc-ph] open


Maybe 'talent' can be shown to be distributed randomly (not genetically)? Would be a small sensation.



Drew Bailey, Greg J. Duncan, Tyler Watts, Doug Clement, Julie Sarama (2018). Risky Business: Correlation and Causation in Longitudinal Studies of Skill Development pdf




Robert J. Duncan, Sara A. Schmitt, Maura Burke, Megan M. McClelland (2018). Combining a kindergarten readiness summer program with a self-regulation intervention improves school readiness. Early Childhood Research Quarterly Volume 42, 1st Quarter 2018, Pages 291-300 open


Useful literature.



John Colombo & Jeffrey Fagen (Eds) (1990). Individual differences in infancy: Reliability, stability, prediction. Erlbaum. isbn 0805803696 info



David Henry Feldman (1986). Nature's gambit. Child prodigies and the development of human potential. Harvard University Press. isbn 0465048617 #multiple_intelligences #talent



Mary A. Jensen & Stacie G. Goffin (Eds) (1993). Visions of entitlement. The care and education of America's children. SUNY. isbn 0791416763 info




Sir W. H. Hadow (chair) (1924). Board of Education. Report of the consultative committee on psychological tests of educable capacity and their possible use in the public system of education. London: His Majesty's Stationary Office. paper The Committee's Report pp. 1-145. Appendices 146-238 a.o. by Cyril Burt. full text




Judith Blake (1989). Family size and achievement. University of California Press. isbn 0520062965 free online




Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi & Reed Larson (1984). Being adolescent. Conflict and growth in the teenage years. Basic Books. isbn 0465006469




Beeman Phillips (1978). School, stress and anxiety. Theory, research and intervention. New York: Human Sciences Press. isbn 0877053243, 165 pp. hardcover , no dust jacket, insides clean and tight, very good-->




Gillian Pugh (ed.) (1992). Contemporary issues in the early years. Working collaboratively for children. London: Paul Chapman / National Children's Bureau. isbn 1853961736




Robert J. Sternberg & John Kolligian, Jr. (Eds) (1990). Competence considered. New Haven: Yale University Press. isbn 0300045670 9780300045673 info




Burton L. White, Jean Carew Watts, & others (1973 2nd,1978). Experience and environment. Major influences on the development of the young child. Prentice-Hall. Two volumes. isbn 0132948435 isbn 0132948192 some info


#reference Original research: the Harvard Preschool Project.



Geneviève Paicheler (1988). The psychology of social influence. Cambridge University Press and Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. isbn 0521309409 review




Cecil R. Reynolds & Randy W. Kamphaus (1990). Handbook of psychological and educational assessment of children: intelligence and achievement London: The Guilford Press. 089862391X




Dean Keith Simonton (1999). Origins of genius. Darwinian perspectives on creativity. Oxford University Press. isbn 0195128796 info




John Radford (1990). Child prodigies and exceptional early achievers. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf. isbn 0745007511 archive.org




Why do disadvantaged schools tolerate poor behaviour? MARCH 11, 2018 / STEALINGBISCUITSISWRONG blog




Tom Bennett (2017). Creating a Culture: How school leaders can optimise behaviour. pdf




Softly Killing the Working Classes: the dangers of 'teaching' soft skills FEBRUARY 28, 2018 / STEALINGBISCUITSISWRONG blog




Robert J. Sternberg (1997). Thinking styles. Cambridge University Press. isbn 9780521553162 info




Benjamin S. Bloom (1976). Human characteristics and school learning.. McGraw-Hill. isbn 0070061173




Benjamin S. Bloom (1964). Stability and change in human characteristics. New York: Wiley. lccc 64-17133




Nancy Cantor & John F. Kihlstrom (1987). Personality and intelligence. Prentice-Hall. isbn 0136579663 later chapter [on social intelligence]


Lifetime intelligence and problem solving. I hope for an inroad to the problem how to describe social intelligence in daily life of grownups (e.g. Ch 6. Life tasks and problem-solving strategies). Expertise is an important concept here, as are declarative and procedural knowledge.



Robert J. Sternberg (1985). Beyond IQ. A triarchic theory of human intelligence. Cambridge University Press. isbn 0521278910




Robert J. Sternberg (1988). The triarchic mind. A new theory of human intelligence. New York: Viking. isbn 0670803642 archive.org borrow [inserted: Robert J. Sternberg, Bruce Torff & Elena Grigorenko (1998): Teaching for succesful intelligence raises school achievement. Phi Delta Kappan, May, 667-9 "The researchers describe a study that showed that an educational intervention based on the theory of successful intelligence improved school achievement, both on performance assessments measuring analytical, creative, and practical achievements and on conventional multiple-choice memory assessments."]




Daniel Calhoun (1973). The intelligence of a people. Princeton University Press. isbn 0691046190




Robert Siegler, Judy DeLoache, Nancy Eisenberg (2006 2nd). How children develop. Worth Publishers. isbn 9780716795278




Rachel Brown-Chidsey & Kristina J. Andren (Eds.) (2013). Assessment for intervention. A problem-solving approach. Guilford. isbn 9781462506783


Ch.12: The role of intelligence testing in understanding students' academic problems.



The Current State of Scientific Knowledge on Pre-Kindergarten Effects. Consensus Statement from the Pre-Kindergarten Task Force. pdf




Cyril Burt (1921/1933). Mental and scholastic tests. London: P. S. King. UBL 3658 C 4 & HISPSY VIDE B 51 G 25 archive.org


A big volume about the Binet-Simon intelligence tests, in English translation.



Jerome Karabel and A. H. Halsey (Eds.) (1977). Power and ideology in education. New York: Oxford University Press. isbn 0195021398 info




Michael Young (2009). What are schools for? Chapter 1.1 in ?? pdf and another version





Robert J. Sternberg, Wendy M. Williams (Eds.) (1998). Intelligence, Instruction, and Assessment: Theory into Practice. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [UB Leiden PEDAG. 46.a.107]




M. Blenkin & A. V. Kelly (Eds.) (1992). Assessment in early childhood education. Paul Chapman. isbn 1853961531 info


[the second revised edition 1916 is available online https://archive.org/details/anintroductiont00thorgoog] archive.org 2nd edition 1916

Geen aanknopingspunten voor eerlijk onderwijs-->



Michael Young (1958). The rise of the meritocracy 1870 - 2033. An essay on education and equality. Thames and Hudson. 1st printing info


. Also annotations and more literature




Roel J. Bosker, Bert P. M. Creemers and Sam Stringfield (Eds.) (1999). Enhancing educational excellence, equity and efficiency. Evidence from evaluations of systems and schools in change. Kluwer. isbn 0792361385 preview




Scott T. Meier (1994). The chronic crisis in psychological measurement and assessment. A historical survey. Academic Press. isbn 0124884407 info




E. D. Hirsch, Jr. (Sept. 20, 2016). Why knowledge matters. Rescuing our children from failed educational theories. Harvard Education Press. isbn 9781612509525 info and prologue pdf - reviewed blog [in Dutch] & reviewed [in Dutch]




Anders Ericsson & Robert Pool (2016). Peak. Secrets from the new science of expertise. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. isbn 9780544456235 http://www.hmhco.com/shop/books/Peak/9780544456235 reviewed by Dan Willingham, reviewed by Mirjam Neelen. . Ericsson & Pool interviewed EdWeek: Podcast CM 039: Anders Ericsson on Peak Performance: here. Deans for Impact: Deliberate practice 2017 pdf. & reviewed by myself.




G. A. Harrison & A. J. Boyce (Eds) (1972). The structure of human populations. Clarendon Press. isbn 0198571208




A. H. Halsey (2013). Reflections on education and social mobility. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 34 abstract




J. McV Hunt (1972). Heredity, Environment, and Class or Ethnic Diferences. pdf of concept/report [published in ETS Invitational Conference 1973]


[mentioned in Husén 1974, zie hierboven, p. 11-12. ] My annotations:

The criterion for what is a good intelligence test (IQ): does it predict school achievement? Just as it was for Binet & Simon, at the beginning of the last century. Therefore: IQ is a school thing. And yes, schooling probably is a necessary condition for the qualities of one's later personal and vocational life. Quite another question is: is IQ predictive of those qualities, given the schooling one has received? If not, then what is the justification to make schooling (amount, quality) dependent on IQ? If some pupils need more time than others to reach sufficient mastery, why should that diminish their chances / rights / desert / merit? What is the merit of IQ? Is there any, except costs of schooling (assuming the costs to be negatively related to IQ)?



Bryan Caplan (2018). The Case against Education: Why the Education System Is a Waste of Time and Money. Princeton UP. isbn 9780691174655   info


tweet



Jay P. Greene & Michael Q. McShane (2018). Failure Up Close. What Happens, Why It Happens, and What We Can Learn from It.Rowman & Littlefield. isbn 9781475840551 info




Stephen J. Ceci (Guest Ed.) (1996). IQ in society. Special theme of Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 2 contents [No access? Try sci-hub, using the DOI addresses]


tweet [use @threadreaderapp to save the whole thread (might not succeed in all cases, however)]



A. H. Halsey, Jean Floud, and C. Arnold Anderson (Eds.) (1961). Education, economy, and society. A reader in the sociology of education. New York: Free Press. LCCC 61-9167. #reference



B. F. M. Bakker, J. Dronkers en G. W. Meijnen (Eds) (1989). Educational opportunities in the welfare state. Nijmegen: ITS, 1989. isbn 9063706561.




Allan Bloom (1990). Giants and dwarfs. Essays 1960-1990. New York: Simon and Schuster. isbn 0671707779




William B. Schrader (Ed.) (1981). Admissions testing and the public interest. Proceedings of the 1980 ETS Invitational Conference. New Directions for Testing and Measurement. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. isbn 875899718




Nathaniel H. Hartshorne (Ed.) (1977). Educational measurement and the law. Proceedings of the 1977 ETS Invitational Conference. Educational testing Service. lccc 47-11220. scan




Patrick Suppes (Ed.). (1978). Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Education. No isbn [Een samenvatting van 110 blz is afzonderlijk gepubliceerd]




John B. Carroll (1978). On the theory-practice interface in the measurement of intellectual abilities. pp 1-106 in Patrick Suppes (Ed.). (1978). Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Education.




Samuel Messick (1981). Evidence and ethics in the evaluation of tests. open




Arthur R. Jensen (1980). Bias in mental testing. London: Methuen. isbn 041683230X pdf




Lee J. Cronbach (1990). Essentials of psychological testing. Harper and Row. isbn 0060414189


See especially Ch. 9 Influences on intellectual development pp 320-369.



Lee J. Cronbach (1975). Five decades of public controversy over mental testing. American Psychologist, 30, 1-14.




H. Putnam (1973). Reductionism and the nature of psychology. Cognition, 2, 131-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(72)90033-9 preview


Carroll (1978, p. 82-83, see above) quotes a long passage from the section 4. 'Intelligence'.



Wouter Schakel and Armen Hakhverdian (2018). Ideological congruence and socio-economic inequality. European Political Science Review, 10, 441-465 temp. open




Lynn Thorndike (1940). Elementary and Secondary Education in the Middle Ages. Speculum, 15, 400-408. pdf JStor



Jerome Karabel (2005) The chosen. The hidden history of admission and exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Houghton Mifflin Company. isbn 9780618574582 reviewed by Frank Dobbin.


Explicitly unfair admissions (Ivy League) in the US.



William W. Cooley & Paul R. Lohnes (1976). Evaluation Research in Education. Irvington Publishers. isbn 0470013982


A rich book, I must return to it later. Its subject is evaluation on a national scale, and especially its methodological issues (traps and misunderstandings), illustrated by the controversies about, for example, the Coleman Report 1966. Equality is the main theme, in a sense.



F. Allan Hanson (1993). Testing testing. Social consequences of the examined life. Berkeley: University of California Press. isbn 0520080602 open access


Key publication tweet



Denny Borsboom & Lisa D. Wijsen (2017) Psychology’s atomic bomb, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 24:3, 440-446, DOI: 10.1080/0969594X.2017.1333084 pdf




A. H. Halsey, A. F. Heath & J. M. Ridge (1980). Origins and destinations. Family, Class, and Education in Modern Britain. Oxford: Clarendon Press. isbn 0198272243


#class #family #pool_of_ability Dated, but probably full of wisdom. The Oxford Social Mobility Project.



OECD (1975). Education, inequality and life chances [2 vols.] [opzoeken]




Herbert H. Hyman, Charles R. Wright and John Shelton Reed (1975). The enduring effects of education. University of Chicago Press. isbn 0226365506


Het bijzondere van dit onderzoek is dat gebruik is gemaakt van nationale steekproeven uit de volwassenenpopulatie. Dat is een idee dat ik ook wel eens heb geopperd, om niet te starten vanaf school en dan in het te volgen cohort veel deelnemers te verliezen, maar vanuit volwassenen en dan terug te vragen. Trouwens: ze vinden positieve resultaten van onderwijs, hoe meer onderwijs, des te meer dat opbrengt. Maar dat was te verwachten, toch?



Derek Fraser (1973/1984 2nd edition). The evolution of the British welfare state. A history of social policy since the industrial revolution. Macmillan. isbn 0333359992




Penelope Weston (Ed.) (1991). Assessment of pupil achievement: motivation and school success. Report of the educational research workshop held in Liège 12-15 september. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. isbn 9026511477


A Council of Europe research workshop. It is dated, of course, yet the book may elucidate the measure of sensitivity to fairness problems in education / assessment.



John B. Carroll (1993). Human cognitive abilities. Cambridge UP. [UB Leiden PSYCHO C6.1.-102 geleend ] [Zie ook Spearrit 1996] info




Donald Spearrit (1996). Carroll's model of cognitive abilities: Educational implications. International Journal of Educational Research, 25, number 2, 107-198. info




Jeannie Oakes (2005 2nd ed.). Keeping track. How schools structure inequality. Yale University Press. isbn 0300108303 (new preface, extra chapters discussing the 'tracking wars' of the last 20 years) info




John B. Carroll (2005). The Three-Stratum Theory of Cognitive Abilities. In D. P. Flanagan & P. L. Harrison (Eds.), Contemporary Intellectual Assessment: Theories, Tests, and Issues (pp. 69-76). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press. [UB Leiden PSYCHO P4.1.2.-91 ]




Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Melissa Osborne Groves (Eds.) (2005). Unequal chances. Family background and economic success. Princeton UP. [UB Leiden Sociol N11-161] info & Introduction pdf




Christian Albrekt Larsen (2013). The rise and fall of social cohesion. Oxford UP. [UB Leiden Sociol N11-177] info


Social constructivism, regrettably.



Scott G. McNall (2016). The problem of social inequality. Why it destroys democracy, threatens the planet, and what we can do about it. Routledge. [UB Leiden Sociol N10-50] info




Will Atkinson (2010). Class, individualization and late modernity. In search of the reflexive worker. Palgrave Macmillan. [Sociol N11-173] info




The politics of social psychology. Crawford, Jarret T. editor.; Jussim, Lee J. editor. NewYork : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group 2018 [UB Leiden PSYCHO G1.0.-149 nog lenen] info/contents




G. M. Wilson and Kremer J. Hoke (1920). How to measure. New York: The Macmillan Company. [two fold-out grading scales (spelling, drawing)] full view


Test optimism in 1920, see its preface.



Sjerp Willem van der Ploeg (1992). The expansion of secondary and tertiary education in the Netherlands. Proefschrift. Nijmegen: ITS. isbn 9063708947 open access




Ross D. Boylan (1993). The effect of the number of diplomas on their value. Sociology of Education, 66, 206-221 preview




Jonathan J. B. Mijs & Bowen Paulle (forthcoming 2018). The Burden of Acting Wise: Sanctioned School Success and Ambivalence. about Hard Work at an Elite School in the Netherlands. Intercultural Education, 27. prepubication




Alan Peshkin (2001). Permissible advantage? The moral consequences of elite schooling. Lawrence Erlbaum. isbn 0805824669 info




Robert C. Nichols (1979). Policy implications of the IQ controversy. pp 3-46 in Lee S. Shulman (Ed.) (1979). Review of research in education volume 6 1978. Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers. isbn 0875812392 preview


Use for references only, after all it is a review of eductional research touching on the theme.



Susanne Rijken (1999). Educational expansion and status attainment. A cross-national and over-time comparison. proefschrift Universiteit Utrecht. isbn 903931800x, 244 blz.-->




Herman G. Van de Werfhorst and Jonathan J.B. Mijs (2010). Achievement Inequality and the Institutional Structure of Educational Systems: A Comparative Perspective. Annu. Rev. Sociol., 36, 407-428. pdf


Key publication for the sociological touch.



Noelle Bisseret (1979). Education, class language and ideology. Routledge & Kegan Paul. isbn 0710001185


Bisseret is psychologist, has been a student of Basil Bernstein. Intriguing content, deserves some study.



Claude Grignon (1971). L'ordre des choses. Les fonctions sociales de l'enseignement technique. Les Éditions de Minuit.


beroepsonderwijs in Frankrijk 60er jaren, door sociologische bril



Roger Price (1987). A social history of nineteenth century France. Hutchinson. isbn0091732018


Quite interesting Chapter 8 'Education' pp 307-356



L. S. Hearnshaw (1964). A short history of British psychology 1840 - 1940. Methuen.




Ed Yong (July 23, 2018). An Enormous Study of the Genes Related to Staying in School. Researchers have found 1,271 gene variants associated with years of formal education. That’s important, but not for the obvious reasons. The Atlantic Science article


I have yet to follow up on this. Others have done so already:


  • Wim Köhler (23 juli 2018). Heel veel genen voor schoolsucces gevonden nrc
    In 2013 vonden ze de eerste drie plaatsen op het DNA die invloed hebben, bij onderzoek onder ruim 100.000 mensen. Dat was het eerste onderzoek, gepubliceerd in Science, waarbij met betrouwbare methoden sociale kenmerken aan erfelijke eigenschappen werden gekoppeld. In 2016 volgde de vondst van 76 DNA-locaties uit de analyse van de erfelijke informatie van 400.000 mensen. Nu is er de uitbreiding naar 1,1 miljoen mensen.
    Onderzoeker Philipp Koellinger, betrokken bij alle drie de scholingsduuronderzoeken, nu verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, zei al in 2013 in NRC Handelsblad over die eerste publicatie van drie genen: „Er zijn geen allesbepalende genen. Genetische selectie, bijvoorbeeld voor een schoolopleiding, kan dus in werkelijkheid niet.”


  • Emma Smith & Stephen Gorard (2006). Pupils' views on equity in schools Compare:A Journal of Comparative and International Education. 36, issue 1. abstract




    Ben Williamson (July, 2018) Genetics, big data science, and postgenomic education research. blog




    Ben Wilbrink (July 27, 2018) The idea of intelligence and the idea of heritability of intelligence are ghosts from the change of the century, the 19th century that is ;-) Education took over their appearances; now we tend to believe the ghosts' story because the data seem to prove it. ‪#selffulfillingproph‬ tweet




    Mainstream Science on Intelligence WikipediA




    VULNERABLE LEARNERS & SOCIAL MOBILITY REPORT. 25th July 2018. Education in England: Annual Report 2018 info




    Renee Ryberg, Shawn Bauldry, Michael A. Schultz, Annekatrin Steinhoff & Michael Shanahan (2017). Personality and the Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment: Evidence from Germany Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46, 2181–2193 abstract




    Wiebke Schulz, Reinhard Schunck, Martin Diewald & Wendy Johnson (2017). Pathways of Intergenerational Transmission of Advantages during Adolescence: Social Background, Cognitive Ability, and Educational Attainment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46, 2194–2214 abstract




    David Bornstein (April 18, 2011). A Better Way to Teach Math. Is it possible to eliminate the bell curve in math class? article


    John Mighton & Jump Math



    Richard Hofstadter (1944). Social Darwinism in American thought 1860-1915. Beacon. [UB Leiden SOCIOL E2-64]




    R. J. Montgomery (1965). Examinations, An account of their evolution as administrative devices in England. London: Longmans Green.


    #meritocracy



    John Roach (1971). Public Examinations in England 1850-1900. Cambridge UP. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511896309 [University Library   Leiden Closed Stack 3   1923 E 36] info




    Mary Sturt (1967). The education of the people. A history of primary education in England and Wales in the nineteenth century. Routledge and Kegan Paul. isbn 0710021615 info


    #key publication. #edhistory Nice book, many quotes



    Elliot Eisner (Ed.) (1985). Learning and Teaching. The Ways of Knowing. 84th yearbook NSSE. issn 00775762




    Joseph F. Kett (1994). The Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties. From Self-Improvement to Adult Education in America, 1750-1990. Stanford University Press. isbn 0804722978 info


    Merle Curti (1959). The Social Ideas Of American Educators With New Chapter On The Last Twenty Five Years Pageant Books. archive.org




    Edward L. Thorndike (1940). Human nature and the social order. The Macmillan Company. #eugenics




    Clarence J. Karier (1967/1986). The individual, society, and education. A history of American educational ideas. University of Illinois Press. isbn 0252013093 info




    Eve Bearne (Ed.) (1996). Differentiation and diversity in the primary school. Routledge. isbn 0415131987


    Differentiation is an approach belonging to unfair schooling, I am afraid. Lots of assumptions/presuppositions here. Many claims that cry for evidential support. Why would differentiation be a good thing? How can it possibly deliver the goods? Why would it be fair to alle students to differentiate instruction/curriculum?



    Thomas Pole (1814, 1816/1969 reprint). A history of the origin and progress of adult schools. Woburn Books/Kelley. archive.org


    Education, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures and other religious books, have a tendency to moralize and christianize the minds of men. Instead of idleness, profaneness, and vice - they inculcate, diligence, sobriety, frugality, piety, and heavenly mindedness.



    Ameneh Shahaeian, Cen Wang, Elliot Tucker-Drob, Vincent Geiger, Adriana G. Bus & Linda J. Harrison (2018). Early Shared Reading, Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Cognitive and School Competencies: Six Years of Longitudinal Evidence. Scientific Studies of Reading, 22, 485-502. free


    Schooling itself left out of the models!



    Pamela Horn (1989). The Victorian and Edwardian schoolchild. Alan Sutton. isbn 0862995744


    #reference Richly illustrated.



    John Raven (2000). The Raven's Progressive Matrices: Change and Stability over Culture and Time. Cognitive Psychology 41, 1–48. pdf




    Rod Hick and Tania Burchardt (2016). Capability Deprivation. In David Brady and Linda M. Burton (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty Oxford UP. open


    #key publication (key: the capability approch of Amertya Sen (& Martha Nussbum, Ingrid Robeyns e.g.)



    Robert J. Sternberg (Ed.) (1982). Handbook of human intelligence. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. isbn 0521296870 [This is the first and by now very old edition, quite interesting chapters though! New edition: 2000 [UB Leiden PSYCHO P4.2.1.-47 ] info & contents and abstracts and doi]




    Judith Blake (1989). Family size and achievement. University of California Press. isbn 0520062965 free online




    Charles Spearman (1927). The abilities of man: their nature and measurement. London: Macmillan. archive.org


    Charles Spearman (1923/1927, 2nd edition). The nature of &rlquo;intelligence’ and the principles of cognition. London: Macmillan. archive.org


    Jo Rogers (1 September 2018). Ideology is dooming thousands of children to illiteracy The Sunday Morning Herald opinion




    Angeline S. Lillard, Megan J. Heise, Eve M. Richey, Xin Tong, Alyssa Hart and Paige M. Bray (2017). Montessori Preschool Elevates and Equalizes Child Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study. Front. Psychol., 30 October 2017 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01783 open access




    Linda Gottfredson (1997). Mainstream Science on Intelligence: An Editorial With 52 Signatories, History, and Bibliography. Editorial in 1997 Intelligence, 24, 13-23 pdf Original statement was in The Wallstreet Journal, December 13, 1994. See also: Wikipedia




    Margaret Diane LeCompte & Anthony Gary Dworkin (1991). Giving up on school. Student dropouts and teacher burnouts. Corwin Press. isbn 0803934912 archive.org




    Bryan Caplan (2018). The Case against Education: Why the Education System Is a Waste of Time and Money. Princeton UP. isbn 9780691174655   info


    #key About eduation as a rat race. Eminently relevant to questions of fairness, fairness itself is not at issue with Bryan Caplan, however, witness his index.



    Nicholas Lemann (1999). The big test. The secret history of the American meritocracy. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux. isbn 0374299846 review & interview; -- 'secrets of the SAT'




    Richard T. von Mayrhauser (1992). The mental testing community and validity. A prehistory. <9>American Psychologist, 47, 244-253. abstract Also: contents of special issue on the history of psychology Reprinted in Wade E. Pickren and Donald A. Dewsbury, (2002). Evolving Perspectives on the History of Psychology. American Psychological Association.


    #key



    Edwin G. Boring (1929/1950). A history of experimental psychology. Appleton-Century Crofts. isbn 0390109886 archive.org edition 1929




    James Tabery (2014). Beyond versus : the struggle to understand the interaction of nature and nurture. MIT Press. [UB Leiden PSYCHO D8.2.2.-75 ] info


    Key publication. #Galton #Fisher #Hogben #interaction




    Becky Francis (7 September 2018). How setting can lead to 'double disadvantage'. UCL researchers say the evidence suggests that setting widens the attainment gap but has little impact on attainment. Tes. article




    Dirk van Damme (Sept 10, 2018). A thread about 'early tracking': it is true that many - not all - studies show a country-level association between early tracking and strong impact of SES on learning outcomes. This is also the case with PISA analysis. However, there are several methodological issues: Twitterthread




    Hugh Mehan, Irene Villanueva, Lea Hubbard= & Angela Lintz (1996). Constructing school success. The consequences of untracking low achieving students. Cambridge University Press. info ch. 5 The social scaffolding supporting academic placement, ch. 7 Peer group influences supporting untracking ch. 9 Implications for educational practice, ch. 10 Implicatons for theories explaining educational inequality. Gaat over de San Diego untracking program AVID.

    p. 77: Our discussion of the social processes of untracking rests on two interrelated ideas: One, academic life has implict or hidden dimensions that students must master in order to be successful in school; and two, a system of institutional supports or 'scaffolds' supports AVID students as they traverse this implicit cultural system. (...) AVID attempts to maintain a rigorous curriculum for all students while adding increased support for low-achieving students.



    Language Exposure Relates to Structural Neural Connectivity in Childhood. Rachel R. Romeo, Joshua Segaran, Julia A. Leonard, Sydney T. Robinson, Martin R. West, Allyson P. Mackey, Anastasia Yendiki, Meredith L. Rowe and John D.E. Gabrieli. Journal of Neuroscience 5 September 2018, 38 (36) 7870-7877; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0484-18.2018 abstract




    Magnus Henrekson and Johan Wennström (2018). “Post-Truth” Schooling and Marketized Education: Explaining the Decline in Sweden’s School Quality. download




    The pupil premium is not working (part III): Can within-classroom inequalities ever be closed? Posted on September 13, 2018 by Becky Allenblog [blog I and II also available]




    David C. Geary (2018). Efficiency of mitochondrial functioning as the fundamental biological mechanism of general intelligence (g). Psychological Review abstract, full text on research.net <--fs_mitochondria-->




    Robert Chapman (Sept 2018). We’re not prepared for the genetic revolution that’s coming. blog




    Liz Lightfoot (11 Sep 2018). North-south schools divide &rlquo;not supported by evidence’. Major study of 1.8 million pupils also challenges ministers’ claims children do better in academies and grammarsnews


    #Gorard



    Herman G. van de Werfhorst (2018). Early Tracking and Socioeconomic Inequality in Academic Achievement: Studying Reforms in Nine Countries. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2018.09.002 abstract and sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.rssm.2018.09.002




    The Question of Knowledge; practicalities of a knowledge-based curriculum. ASCL Association of School and College Leaders. pdf




    Robert J. Sternberg (1999). Intelligence as Developing Expertise. Contemporary Educational Psychology 24(4): 359-375 10.1006/ceps.1998.0998 pdf sci-hub




    George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos (2018). Returns to investment in education: a decennial review of the global literature. Education Economics, 26, 445-458. open




    Anna K. Chmielewski (14 Sep 2018). Can we close gaps in literacy by social background over the life course? Evidence from synthetic 1950-1980 birth cohorts. OECDEducation Working Papers access




    Robert Sternberg, Linda Jarvin, Damian Patrick, Birney Show, & Elena Grigorenko (2014). Testing the Theory of Successful Intelligence in Teaching Grade 4 Language Arts, Mathematics, and Science. Journal of Educational Psychology 106(3):881-899 DOI: 10.1037/a0035833 reserchgate.net




    Special Issue "If Intelligence Is Truly Important to Real-World Adaptation, and IQs Have Risen 30+ Points in the Past Century (Flynn Effect), then Why Are There So Many Unresolved and Dramatic Problems in the World, and What Can Be Done About It?" J. Intell., Volume 6, Issue 3 (September 2018) open access




    Harrison J. Kell andJonas W. B. Lang (2018). Special Issue The Great Debate: General Ability and Specific Abilities in the Prediction of Important Outcomes J. Intell. 2018, 6(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6030039 open access







    Lauren B. Resnick (Ed.) (1976). The nature of intelligence. Erlbaum. isbn 0470013842


    This is an amazing book, in the sense that it shows how little still is known about &rlquo;intelligence’.



    Reviving research on effective schools 26th September 2018//by Karin Chenoweth researchED article




    Steven Pfeiffer, Elizabeth Shaunessy-Dedrick, & Megan Foley-Nicpon , (Eds.) (2018). APA handbook of giftedness and talent. [UB Leiden Pedag] nog niet gezien]




    David Cantor (September 25, 2018). America’s Achievement Gap - Made, Not Born? What a Study of 30,000 Students Reveals About Lowered Expectations and Poorer-Quality Instruction for Kids of Color article




    Paul von Hippel, Joseph Workman, Douglas B. Downey (2018). Inequality in Reading and Math Skills Forms Mainly Before Kindergarten: A Replication, and Partial Correction, of 'Are Schools the Great Equalizer?’ Sociology of Education 10.1177/0038040718801760 abstract & download pdf




    F. W. Garforth (Ed.) (1964). Locke's thoughts concerning education. Abridged with an introduction and commentary.--> [1693, Some thoughts concerning education] Heinemann.




    Silvia H. Barcellos, Leandro S. Carvalho, and Patrick Turley (2018). Education can reduce health differences related to genetic risk of obesity. PNAS published ahead of print October 2, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1802909115 open


    a name="">



    Caroline Hall, Martin Lundin and Kristina Sibbmark (2018). A laptop for every child? The impact of ICT on educational outcomes. draft




    Over Hirsch en Why knowldge matters.   Ben Wilbrink (2016). Waarom geïndividualiseerd onderwijs leidt tot meer ongelijkheid. Vakwerk pdf




    Hessel Oosterbeek Sándor Sóvágó Bas van der Klaauw (nd). Identifying the sources of school segregation. pdf




    Jane J. Mansbridge (Ed.) (1990). Beyond self-interest Chicago UP. isbn 0226503607 #equity info




    The counterculture class warrior who turned to Gove/ Teaching knowledge, Michael FD Young wrote in his influential 70s book, is a ruling-class construct. Not any more, it seems/ interview by Peter Wilby 9 Oct 2018




    James R.Flynn & Michael Shayer (2018). IQ decline and Piaget: Does the rot start at the top? Intelligence, 66, 112-121. open




    Demanet, Jannick, Van Houtte, Mieke (Eds.) (2019). Resisting Education: A Cross-national Study on Systems and School Effects. Introduces a comparative and international perspective to address school resistance. [I have not yet seen the book]




    Dalton Conley & Jason Fletcher (2017). The genome factor. What the Social Genomics Revolution Reveals about Ourselves, Our History, and the Future Princeton UP. info & pdf Ch. 1 article




    Janet Browne (2003). Charles Darwin. The power of place. Volume II of a biography. The origin and after - the years of fame. Knopf. isbn 0679429328 info




    Andrew van Dam (9 Oct 2018). It’s better to be born rich than gifted. Wshington Post wonkblog




    A. Pluchino, A. E. Biondo, A. Rapisarda (2018). Talent vs Luck: the role of randomness in success and failure. arXiv pdf




    The OECD vew on equity in education: read




    Mads Meier Jaeger & Richard Breen (2016). A Dynamic Model of Cultural Reproduction. American Journal of Sociology, 121 (4), 1079–1115. doi:10.1086/684012 sci-hub.tw/10.1086/684012




    Susan Clayton & Christie manning (Eds.) (2018). Psychology and climate change. Human perceptions, impacts, and responses. Academic Press. [UB Leiden PSYCHO G2.7,-69] info




    Linda Darling-Hammond, Channa M. Cook-Harvey, Lisa Flook, Madelyn Gardner, and Hanna Melnick (2018). With the Whole Child in Mind: Insights from the Comer School Development Program info


    via Linda Darling-Hammond. (1st chapter0




    W. Ray Rhine (1981). Making schools more effective: New directions from Follow Through Academic Press.




    Rhine, Ray W. (1983). The role of psychologists in the national Follow Through Project. American Psychologist, 38, 288-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.38.3.288




    Project Follow Through: A Case Study of Contingencies. Influencing Instructional Practices of the Educational Establishment. Cathy L. Watkins (1997). http://www.behavior.org/resources/901.pdf




    (1975). A Description of Follow Through Sponsor Implementation Processes. archive.org




    Andreas Schleicher (november 2018). World Class. How to Build a 21st-Century School System. OECD. read




    Robert A. LeVine and Merry I. White (1986). Human conditions. The cultural basis of educational developments. Routledge & Kegan Paul. isbn 0710205686 preview


    #key publication on the historical dimensions of the last 220 years. For example: Mass schooling; The rise of publicinterest in children; The self and the life course in agrarian cultures: Beyond Western assumptions.



    Stephen Gorard & Nadia Siddiqui (2017). Grammar schools in England: a new analysis of social segregation and academic outcomes British Journal of Sociology of Education, 39, 909-924. open access




    Robert J. Sternberg (1998). Abilities are forms of developing expertise. Educational Researcher, 27, 11-20. [nog opzoeken]




    McCoy, D. C., Yoshikawa, H., Ziol-Guest, K. M., Duncan, G. J., Schindler, H. S., Magnuson, K., … Shonkoff, J. P. (2017). Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes. Educational Researcher, 46(8), 474–487. doi:10.3102/0013189x17737739 sci-hub




    Slusser, E., Ribner, A., & Shusterman, A. (2018). Language counts : Early language mediates the relationship between parent education and children’s math ability. Developmental Science, doi:10.1111/desc.12773 sci-hub




    Thomas Piketty (December 9, 2018). Our manifesto to save Europe from itself manifesto




    Judea Pearl (2018). Does Obesity Shorten Life? Or is it the Soda? On Non-manipulable Causes. Journal of Causal Inference, 6(2), online, September 2018. https://doi.org/10.1515/jci-2018-2001 pdf




    Stuart J. Ritchie, Timothy C. Bates, and Ian J. Deary (2015) 'Is education associated with improvements in general cognitive ability, or in specific skills?' Developmental Psychology, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 573-582. DOI: 10.1037/a0038981 open




    Patrick C. Kyllonen (2018). Inequality, Education, Workforce Preparedness, and Complex Problem Solving. J. Intell. 2018, 6(3), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6030033 open


    This article need debunking ;-) [nog op te nemen in onderwijs_2032_check]



    The Inequality Paradox: Rising Inequalities Nationally, Diminishing Inequality Worldwide. Posted on December 10, 2018 by Branko Milanovic blog




    Jay S. Kaufman & Crles Muntaner (27 March 2016). 'The association between intelligence and lifespan is mostly genetic' International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 45, Issue 2, 1 April 2016, Pages 576–577,https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyw019comment


    Critial comments on an article by Arden et al. (Via .. )



    John Mighton (2018) Extreme Equality - Closing the Achievement Gap in Math vimeo




    John Rawls (1971). A theory of justice. Clarendon Press. isbn 0198243685 info




    Akito Okada (2013). The Historical Transformation of the Concept of Equality of Educational Opportunity in Post-war England and Japan. pdf




    Jonathan J. B. Mijs (forthcoming 2019). The Paradox of Inequality: Income Inequality and Belief in Meritocracy go Hand in Hand. Socio-Economic Review pdf




    Arnold Angenendt (1997/2000 2e) Geschichte der Religiosität im Mittelalter. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Kein isbn. (ed. 2009 isbn 9783896786555). info


    A moral 'blank slate' in Christianity.



    Using DNA from mothers and children to study parental investment in children's educational attainment. Jasmin Wertz a.o. (2018). preprint




    Erzsebet Bukodi (2019). Britain’s social mobility problem has been misunderstood – education is not the great leveller. January 8, 2019 blog




    Erzsébet Bukodi & John H. Goldthorpe, (2018). Social Mobility and Education in Britain. Research, Politics and Policy. Cambride Univversity Press. info; Conclusions: sci-hub




    Nadia Siddiqui, Vikki Boliver & Stephen Gorard (2019). Reliability of Longitudinal Social Surveys of Access to Higher Education: The Case of Next Steps in England. Social Inclusion. open



















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